Immigrate to Canada: the step by step process
To learn all about the Express Entry system, follow the guide!
True to its reputation as a land of immigration (more than one in five Canadians was born abroad), the country with the maple leaf has planned to welcome to its territory more than a million people from by 2021 . But be careful, do not migrate who wants … Here is how the selection works.
Check your eligibility
The system called Express Entry allows Canada to select skilled immigrants who can meet the needs of the country.
Three categories exist: that of skilled workers (TQF) concentrates the bulk of the demands. The other two concern skilled trades workers and those who have already worked for at least 12 months in Canada (Canadian experience category).
The system is based on a grid of criteria (age, diplomas, qualified experience, language level). Each of them earns points.
An online tool allows you to assess your profile. For the TQF category, if your score is equal to or greater than 67 (out of 100), you have your chances. Otherwise, no need to apply.
The Embassy of Canada in France regularly organizes free information sessions , both physically and online, on immigration procedures.
Become a candidate
If you are eligible, you can create an Express Entry profile and enter the “pool” of applicants.
Please note, you must have passed a language test beforehand, even if French is your mother tongue.
For the TQF category, you will have to provide the evaluation of your diplomas against Canadian standards.
You will be assigned a rank according to the points scale. Additional points are awarded to candidates with solid French skills as well as to those with a brother or sister living in Canada (15 additional points in both cases).
A bonus is also given to applicants with post-secondary education in the country. In addition, a firm job offer (in category 0, A or B ) can now earn 50 points. An offer in category 00 will earn 200 points.
The higher your score, the better the chances of being “pulled” out of the pool. Candidates qualify today with around 440 points (out of 1,200). But, even with less, you may be invited to apply to some “Provincial Nominee” programs.
Apply for permanent residence
If your profile is selected, you will receive an “invitation to apply” for permanent residence. You then have 60 days to complete the form and collect the requested documents.
In particular, you will need to provide a medical certificate obtained from an approved doctor (for you and the members of your family) as well as extracts from the criminal record.
Please note that all documents provided in a language other than French or English must be translated.
If you are between 14 and 79 years old, you will also need to provide your fingerprints and photo (biometric data), even if you have provided your biometric data in the past and it is still valid.
From the reception of the duly completed request, the processing of the file takes a maximum of six months in the vast majority of cases.
Validate permanent residence
If the application is accepted, the authorities issue a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (CRP).
When you arrive on Canadian soil, a counter starts ticking: in order not to lose permanent resident status, you must spend 730 days out of 1,825 in the country. After three years of permanent residence, you will be able to apply for Canadian citizenship.
You have one year, starting from the medical examination, to go to Canada and validate your permanent residence.